Averroes - Ibn Rushd
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AVERROES - IBN RUSHD

   
The Book of the Decisive Treatise, Determining the Connection Between the Law and Wisdom & Epistle Dedicatory.

THE BOOK OF THE DECISIVE TREATISE, DETERMINING THE CONNECTION BETWEEN THE LAW AND WISDOM

". . . [T]he Law makes it obligatory to reflect upon existing things by means of the intellect, and to consider them; and consideration is nothing more than inferring and drawing out the unknown from the known . . ."1a

"You ought to know that what is intended by the Law is only to teach true science and true practice. True science is cognizance of God (may He be blessed and exalted) and of all the existing things as they are, especially the venerable ones among them; and cognizance of happiness in the hereafter and of misery in the hereafter. True practice is to follow the actions that promote happiness and to avoid the actions that promote misery; and cognizance of these actions is what is called 'practical science.'"1b

". . . [T]he link between the physician and the health of bodies is [the same as] the link between the Lawgiver and the health of souls . . ."
This health is what is called 'piety.'"
1c

". . . [I]njuries from a friend are graver than injuries from an enemy " I mean that wisdom is the companion of the Law and its milk sister. So injuries from those linked to it are the gravest injuries " apart from the enmity, hatred, and quarreling they bring about between both of them. These two are companions by nature and lovers by essence and instinct."1d

EPISTLE DEDICATORY

". . . [E]xistence is the cause and reason of our knowledge, while eternal knowledge is the cause and reason of existence."1e


  

Averroes (1126-1198). The Book of the Decisive Treatise, Determining the Connection Between the Law and Wisdom & Epistle Dedicatory. Translated with Introduction and Notes, by Charles E. Butterworth. Provo, UT: Brigham Young University Press, 2001.
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Averroes Tahafut Al-Tahafut: The Incoherence of the Incoherence.
  

Averroes. Averroes Tahafut Al-Tahafut: The Incoherence of the Incoherence. Translated by Simon Van Den Bergh. Gibb Memorial Trust, 1978.
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Averroes on Plato's "Republic."
  

Averroes. Averroes on Plato's "Republic." Translated with an Introduction and Notes, by Ralph Lerner. Cornell University Press, 2005.
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Averroes' Middle Commentary on Aristotle's Categories and De Interpretatione.
  

Averroes. Averroes' Middle Commentary on Aristotle's Categories and De Interpretatione. Translated, with Notes and Introductions by Charles E. Butterworth. St. Augustine's Press, 1997.
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* Italics in the original.

Averroes (1126-11980. The Book of the Decisive Treatise, Determining the Connection Between the Law and Wisdom & Epistle Dedicatory. Translated with Introduction and Notes, by Charles E. Butterworth. Provo, UT: Brigham Young University Press, 2001.
T
HE BOOK OF THE DECISIVE TREATISE

a II. That philosophy and logic are obligatory, at 2.
b V. On what is intended by the Law and its methods, at 23.
c Ibid., at 28-29.
d VII. Conclusion, at 32-33.
EPISTLE DEDICATORY
e III. The solution, at 41.

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